Friday, January 25, 2013

歩く vs. 歩いていく (aruku vs. aruite iku) + other forms

You use 歩く (aruku) when you are referring to any of the following: (1) act of walking, (2) your destination, or (3) where you are actually walking:

Ano hito wa aruku no ga hayai desu ne.
That person walks fast, doesn't he?

Gakkou made aruku.
I walk to school.

Asoko wo aruite iru hito wa dare deshou.
I wonder who walks over there.

Note the particles used for  歩く : まで and . If one wants to use or , then 歩いていく or  歩いてくる would be the proper forms used:

Gakkou ni aruite ikimasu.
I go to school on foot.

When one talks about walking up an incline, the appropriate verb is  歩いて登る (aruite noboru) or simply 登る ("climb"). The 歩いて before 登る can be thought of as an adverb meaning "on foot".

Kaidan wo aruite noboru / noboru.
I walk up / climb the stairs.

When one talks about taking a stroll, the correct verb is NOT 歩く, but rather, 散歩する (sanpo suru).

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